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About the Bloggers

Brad Jenkins

Brad Jenkins, President and CEO of CloudNine Discovery, has over 20 years of experience leading customer focused companies in the litigation support arena. Brad has authored many articles on litigation support issues, and has spoken before national audiences on document management practices and solutions.

Doug Austin

Doug Austin, Professional Services Manager for CloudNine Discovery, has over 20 years experience providing legal technology consulting and technical project management services to numerous commercial and government clients. Doug has also authored several articles on eDiscovery best practices.

Jane Gennarelli

Jane Gennarelli is a principal of Magellan’s Law Corporation and has been assisting litigators in effectively handling discovery materials for over 30 years. She authored the company’s Best Practices in a Box™ content product and assists firms in applying technology to document handling tasks. She is a known expert and often does webinars and presentations for litigation support professionals around the country. Jane can be reached by email at jane@litigationbestpractices.com.

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Is Technology Assisted Review Older than the US Government? - eDiscovery Trends

September 19, 2014

By Doug Austin

A lot of people consider Technology Assisted Review (TAR) and Predictive Coding (PC) to be new technology. We attempted to debunk that as myth last year after our third annual thought leader interview series by summarizing comments from some of the thought leaders that noted that TAR and PC really just apply artificial intelligence to the review process. But, the foundation for TAR may go way farther back than you might think.

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Court Rules to Limit Scope of Discovery, Noting that “Searching for ESI is only one discovery tool” - eDiscovery Case Law

September 15, 2014

By Doug Austin

In United States v. Univ. of Neb. at Kearney, Nebraska Magistrate Judge Cheryl R. Zwart denied the government’s motion to compel discovery, finding that “ESI is neither the only nor the best and most economical discovery method for obtaining the information the government seeks” and stating that searching for ESI “should not be deemed a replacement for interrogatories, production requests, requests for admissions and depositions”.

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Though it was "Switching Horses in Midstream", Court Approves Plaintiff's Predictive Coding Plan - eDiscovery Case Law

September 08, 2014

By Doug Austin

In Bridgestone Americas Inc. v. Int'l Bus. Mach. Corp., Tennessee Magistrate Judge Joe B. Brown, acknowledging that he was “allowing Plaintiff to switch horses in midstream”, nonetheless ruled that that the plaintiff could use predictive coding to search documents for discovery, even though keyword search had already been performed.

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Our 1,000th Post! – eDiscovery Milestones

September 03, 2014

By Doug Austin

When we launched nearly four years ago on September 20, 2010, our goal was to be a daily resource for eDiscovery news and analysis. Now, after doing so each business day, I’m happy to announce that today is our 1,000th post on eDiscovery Daily! Check out what we've covered over 1,000 posts!

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Court Sides with Defendant in Dispute over Predictive Coding that Plaintiff Requested - eDiscovery Case Law

August 29, 2014

By Doug Austin

In the case In re Bridgepoint Educ., Inc., Securities Litigation, California Magistrate Judge Jill L. Burkhardt ruled that expanding the scope of discovery by nine months was unduly burdensome, despite the plaintiff’s request for the defendant to use predictive coding to fulfill its discovery obligation and also approved the defendants' method of using search terms to identify responsive documents for the already reviewed three individual defendants, directing the parties to meet and confer regarding the additional search terms the plaintiffs requested.

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When Reviewing and Producing Documents, Don't Forget the "Mother and Child Reunion" - eDiscovery Best Practices

August 27, 2014

By Doug Austin

I love Paul Simon’s music. One of my favorite songs of his is Mother and Child Reunion. Of course, I’m such an eDiscovery nerd that every time I think of that song, I think of keeping email and attachment families together. If you don’t remember the Mother and Child Reunion, you might provide an incomplete production to opposing counsel.

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Court Rules in Dispute Between Parties Regarding ESI Protocol, Suggests Predictive Coding - eDiscovery Case Law

July 03, 2014

By Doug Austin

In a dispute over ESI protocols in FDIC v. Bowden, Georgia Magistrate Judge G. R. Smith approved the ESI protocol from the FDIC and suggested the parties consider the use of predictive coding.

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EDRM Introduces Search Intent Framework - eDiscovery Trends

July 02, 2014

By Doug Austin

It seems that just about every month EDRM publishes a new standard or guideline for eDiscovery best practices. On Monday, they announced the release of a new Search Intent Framework.

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Want to Craft Better Searches? Use a Dictionary - eDiscovery Best Practices

June 27, 2014

By Doug Austin

On the very first day we launched this blog nearly four years ago, one of our first blog posts was called “Don’t Get ‘Wild’ with Wildcards” where we showed how a poorly constructed wildcard of “min*” to retrieve variations like “mine”, “mines” and “mining” actually retrieved over 300,000 files with hits because there are 269 words in the English language that begin with the letters “min” (such as words like “mink”, “mind”, “mint” and “minion”). So, how do you find the actual variations of the word you want? Use a dictionary.

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Court Denies Defendant’s Request for Deposition Regarding Plaintiff’s Discovery Search Tools - eDiscovery Case Law

June 13, 2014

By Doug Austin

In Koninklijke Philips N.V. v. Hunt Control Sys., Inc., New Jersey Magistrate Judge James B. Clark III granted the plaintiff’s protective order to prevent the defendant from proceeding with a new deposition to review whether the plaintiff had used “appropriate search tools for ESI discovery,” after the requested discovery documents had already been produced.

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The Pitfalls of Self-Culling and Image Files - eDiscovery Best Practices

June 10, 2014

By Doug Austin

There’s a common mistake that organizations make when collecting their own files to turn over for discovery purposes. Many attorneys turn over the collection of potentially responsive files to the individual custodians of those files, or to someone in the organization responsible for collecting those files (typically, an IT person) and the self-collection involves “self-culling” through the use of search terms. When this happens, important files can be missed.

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Court Rules that Unilateral Predictive Coding is Not Progressive - eDiscovery Case Law

June 09, 2014

By Doug Austin

In In Progressive Cas. Ins. Co. v. Delaney, Nevada Magistrate Judge Peggy A. Leen determined that the plaintiff’s unannounced shift from the agreed upon discovery methodology, to a predictive coding methodology for privilege review was not cooperative. Therefore, the plaintiff was ordered to produce documents that met agreed-upon search terms without conducting a privilege review first.

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Plaintiff’s Failure to Communicate with Defendants Causes Complications in Discovery – eDiscovery Case Law

May 19, 2014

By Doug Austin

In Procaps S.A. v. Patheon Inc., the defendants filed a Motion to Compel over search terms for Electronically Stored Information (ESI), after the lead counsel for the plaintiffs repeatedly demonstrated uncooperative behavior by not responding to emails sent by defendants’ counsel, or responding with brief and unclear messages.

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Another Instance Where Word is Not So Smart - eDiscovery Best Practices

May 15, 2014

By Doug Austin

Way back within the first couple of months after this blog was launched, we discussed those stupid “smart quotes” in Microsoft® Word where Word, by default, automatically changes straight quotation marks ( ' or " ) to curly quotes as you type. There’s another way where Word isn’t so smart, unless you know the workaround, which I just learned this week.

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Predictive Analytics: It’s Not Just for Review Anymore – eDiscovery Trends

April 29, 2014

By Doug Austin

One of the most frequently discussed trends in this year’s annual thought leader interviews that we conducted was the application of analytics (including predictive analytics) to Information Governance. A recent report published in the Richmond Journal of Law & Technology addresses how analytics can be used to optimize Information Governance.

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Searching for Individuals Isn’t as Straightforward as You Think – eDiscovery Best Practices

April 10, 2014

By Doug Austin

I’ve recently worked with a couple of clients who proposed search terms for key individuals that were a bit limited, so I thought this was an appropriate topic to revisit. When looking for documents in your collection that mention key individuals, conducting a name search for those individuals isn’t always as straightforward as you might think. There are potentially a number of different ways names could be represented and if you don’t account for each one of them, you might fail to retrieve key responsive documents – OR retrieve way too many non-responsive documents. Here are some considerations for conducting name searches.

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Electronic Discovery Dispute Sees Court Requesting Cooperation from Both Parties to Avoid "Court-Ordered Middle Ground" - eDiscovery Case Law

March 24, 2014

By Doug Austin

In Fort Worth Employees’ Retirement Fund v. J.P. Morgan Chase & Co., a complex discovery dispute arose during the process of this securities action lawsuit revolving around the defendants’ loan products and offerings with regards to a specific consumer class, in which the plaintiffs filed a motion to compel an expanded discovery.

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Ralph Losey of Jackson Lewis, LLP – eDiscovery Trends

March 17, 2014

By Doug Austin

Today’s thought leader is Ralph Losey. Ralph is an attorney in private practice with the law firm of Jackson Lewis, LLP, where he is a Shareholder and the firm's National e-Discovery Counsel. Ralph is also a prolific author of eDiscovery books and articles, the principal author and publisher of the popular e-Discovery Team® Blog, founder and owner of an online training program, e-Discovery Team Training, with attorney and technical students all over the world, founder of the new Electronic Discovery Best Practices (EDBP) lawyer-centric work flow model. Ralph is also the publisher of LegalSearchScience.com and PreSuit.com on predictive coding methods and applications.

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Jason R. Baron of Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP – eDiscovery Trends

March 12, 2014

By Doug Austin

Today’s thought leader is Jason R. Baron. An internationally recognized speaker and author on the preservation of electronic documents, Jason is a member of Drinker Biddle’s Information Governance and eDiscovery practice. Jason previously served as Director of Litigation for the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and as trial lawyer and senior counsel at the Department of Justice. He was a founding co-coordinator of the National Institute of Standards and Technology TREC Legal Track, a multi-year international information retrieval project devoted to evaluating search issues in a legal context. He also founded the international DESI (Discovery of Electronically Stored Information) workshop series, bringing together lawyers and academics to discuss cutting-edge issues in eDiscovery.

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Laura Zubulake, Author of “Zubulake's e-Discovery” – eDiscovery Trends

March 03, 2014

By Doug Austin

Today’s thought leader is Laura Zubulake. Laura worked on Wall Street for 20 years in institutional equity departments and, in 1991, authored the book The Complete Guide to Convertible Securities Worldwide. She was the plaintiff in the Zubulake vs. UBS Warburg case, which resulted in several landmark opinions related to eDiscovery and counsel’s obligations for the preservation of electronically stored information. The December 2006 amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure were influenced, in part, by the Zubulake case. In 2012, Laura published a book titled Zubulake's e-Discovery: The Untold Story of my Quest for Justice, previously discussed on this blog and she speaks professionally about eDiscovery topics and her experiences related to the case.

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Brad Jenkins of CloudNine Discovery – eDiscovery Trends

February 24, 2014

By Doug Austin

Today’s thought leader is Brad Jenkins of CloudNine Discovery. Brad has over 20 years of experience as an entrepreneur, as well as 15 years leading customer focused companies in the litigation support arena. Brad also writes the Litigation Support Industry Blog, which covers news about litigation support and eDiscovery companies' funding activities, acquisitions & mergers and notable business successes. He has authored several articles on document management and litigation support issues, and has appeared as a speaker before national audiences on document management practices and solutions. He’s also my boss!

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Dispute over Production Format and Search Terms for Electronic Discovery Highlights the Need for Cooperation - eDiscovery Case Law

February 21, 2014

By Doug Austin

In Saliga v. Chemtura Corp., a discrimination case heard by Connecticut Magistrate Judge Donna F. Martinez, the plaintiff and the defendants had spent a year arguing over the format of production for Electronically Stored Information (ESI) to be used in discovery, as well as relevant search terms, before the plaintiff filed a motion to compel.

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